Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)


Black-and-white Monjita (Xolmis dominicanus)


French: Pépoaza dominicain German: Schwarzschwanz-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita dominicana

T[yrannus]. dominicanus


, 1823,

Río Plata, Paraguay


Sometimes separated in monotypic Heteroxolmis, on basis of morphological and anatomical data. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and W & NE Argentina (Corrientes, E Entre Ríos and NE Buenos Aires); unconfirmed records in Paraguay; formerly more widespread.

Descriptive notes

20–20·5 cm. Male is mostly white, with pale greyish smudging on head and back; wings black, outer third of primaries white; tail rather long, black; iris dark;... read more


Usually silent; soft, somewhat querulous “weeyrt” or “wurrt” call... read more


Marshes and bogs with sedge (Cyperus and Eryn­gium), open or burned areas,... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Drops from low perch to ground for prey. Foraging birds often associated with Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus... read more


Nests found Oct–Dec in SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); late Sept to Dec in Argentina. Nest relatively bulky, substantial open cup of... read more



Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Rare to uncommon, and very local. Somewhat more numerous locally, e.g. in NE Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) and N of Pinamar in E Buenos Aires (Argentina), but in... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Black-and-white Monjita (Xolmis dominicanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).