Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Black-and-white Tanager (Conothraupis speculigera)


French: Tangara à miroir blanc German: Spiegeltangare Spanish: Tangara albinegra

Schistochlamys speculigera


, 1855,

Río Ucayali, Peru




W slope of Andes from W Ecuador (mainly El Oro and Loja, isolated records farther N) S to NW Peru (Lambayeque and La Libertad); migrates to E slope and base of Andes (very locally Amazonas, Cajamarca and San Martín) and E lowlands of Ucayali and Madre de Dios, in Peru, and also adjacent extreme W Brazil and NW Bolivia.

Descriptive notes

16–16·5 cm; 23–28 g. Male has entire head to throat, upper breast and back black, lower back, rump and uppertail-coverts grey, contrasting black longest uppertail-coverts and... read more


Song of male a loud, clear “kréé-uung, kréé-uung”, repeated several times, with loud, abrupt... read more


Dry deciduous woodland, arid semi-open scrub with grass and borders of humid forest, and second... read more

Food and feeding

Of 30 stomachs examined, 23 contained only animal matter and seven contained a mixture of plant and animal matter; items included smooth... read more


Breeds mainly during Feb–May rainy period. Nest in Ecuador a loosely woven untidy cup made from small sticks, twigs and leaf petioles,... read more


Not well understood; in many areas perhaps only a seasonal or periodic visitor, erratic and... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Rare to uncommon throughout much of range; locally common in SW Ecuador (especially SW Loja). Status difficult... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. & de Juana, E. (2019). Black-and-white Tanager (Conothraupis speculigera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).