French: Phénoptile noir et jaune German: Gelbflanken-Seidenschnäpper Spanish: Capulinero negrigualdo
Other common names: Black-and-yellow Phainoptila
San Francisco, Costa Rica.
Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
P. m. parkeri
Barrantes & Sánchez, 2000 – cordilleras of Tilarán and Guanacaste, in N Costa Rica.
P. m. melanoxantha
Salvin, 1877 – cordilleras of Talamanca and Volcánica Central, in C & S Costa Rica.
P. m. minor
Griscom, 1924 – W Panama (E to Veraguas).
20·5–21·9 cm; 56–60 g. Unusual ptilogonatid, appearance like that of thrush (Turdidae), with tail shorter than wing, bill relatively large compared... read more
Thin, high-pitched “tsip” call, sometimes uttered in twitters. Not known to sing.
Evergreen subalpine and elfin forests, with fruiting plants such as Araliaceae, Melastomataceae,... read more
Food and feeding
Primarily frugivorous; eats small fruits of at least 40 plant species from 36 genera, including Schefflera, Clusia, ... read more
Peak Mar–May; empty nests found in Apr, eggs in May, fledglings in Jun; adult moult late Jun. Monogamous; solitary nester. Open cup-... read more
Resident. Moves between patchily distributed fruit sources; in small, loose flocks during non-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA. Uncommon to fairly common in Costa Rica above 1200 m (in N cordilleras) and... read more
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