Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Black-backed Forktail (Enicurus immaculatus)


Taxonomy

French: Énicure à dos noir German: Schwarzrücken-Scherenschwanz Spanish: Torrentero dorsinegro
Taxonomy:

Motacilla (Enicurus) Immaculatus

Hodgson

, 1836,

Nepal

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

C & E Himalayas (E from Himachal Pradesh), Myanmar, NW Thailand and extreme S China (SW Yunnan).

Descriptive notes

20–25 cm; 25–29 g. Long, deeply forked but evenly graduated tail with white tips, outer feathers entirely white. Has black head and throat, white mask (forehead... read more

Voice

Short song delivered from rock. Calls include squeaky-hinge “weeng” (identical to that of E.... read more

Habitat

Sides and centres of rocky hill streams and fast-flowing rivers with uncovered rock shoals, muddy... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. In study in Nepal, 39% of observations of foraging position involved marginal rocks, 28% shoals or marginal ground, 22% riparian... read more

Breeding

Mar–May in Himalayas and probably throughout range. Nest a compact, solid cup with outer covering of moss, lined with leaf skeletons... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common in Nepal. Widespread and fairly common in Myanmar, but uncommon in NW Thailand.

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2018). Black-backed Forktail (Enicurus immaculatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58557 on 18 November 2018).