French: Cardinal à dos noir German: Goldbauch-Kernknacker Spanish: Picogrueso dorsinegro
d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye
Yungas, Sicasica, Bolivia
Subspecies and Distribution
P. a. crissalis
P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1877 – Yellow-throated Grosbeak – Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) S to C Ecuador.
P. a. meridensis
Riley, 1905 – Andes of NW Venezuela (Mérida).
P. a. uropygialis
P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1871 – Yellow-rumped Grosbeak – Colombia in E Andes (Norte de Santander S to Cundinamarca).
P. a. terminalis
Chapman, 1919 – lower Andes of Peru (Amazonas and Cuzco).
P. a. aureoventris
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Black-rumped Grosbeak – S Peru (Puno), W & S Bolivia (La Paz S to Tarija) and NW Argentina (Jujuy S to San Luis and Córdoba); also, probably only in austral winter, WC Brazil (Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, reaching S Amazonas and S Goiás#R) and N Paraguay.
22 cm; 43·8–57·2 g (Bolivia), 55·4–66·2 g (Colombia). Male nominate race has upperparts black, sometimes with narrow yellow fringes on... read more
Song a rich, melodious series of whistled notes, similar to that of P. chrysogaster but... read more
Mostly dry to arid scrubby, often open, woodland, well-bushed gardens and similar; generally in... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes berries, seeds, and insects. At Chía, in Colombia, seen to feed extensively on flowers and seeds of Polymnia... read more
Little published information. Birds with enlarged gonads at end of Jan (Cauca) and juvenile in Nov (Nariño) in Colombia; nest with... read more
Most populations apparently sedentary; some evidence of movement at geographical ends of range, and... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon or rare in Venezuela; locally common, though in small numbers in Colombia; rare to locally common in Peru. Increasingly recorded in E... read more
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