Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Endangered

Black-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron dorsale)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à dos noir German: Schwarzer Kurzschnabelkolibri Spanish: Colibrí piquicorto dorsinegro
Taxonomy:

Ramphomicron dorsale

Salvin and Godman

, 1880,

Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia

.

Closely related to R. microrhynchum. Possibly closely related also to Lesbia nuna. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Santa Marta Mts, in N Colombia.

Descriptive notes

9–10 cm; c. 3·5 g. Male has very short, slightly decurved black bill; upperparts velvety black, postocular spot white, uppertail-coverts purplish bronzy on tips... read more

Voice

Poorly known. Calls include a short dry rattle “trrr” repeated at intervals, and a long descending... read more

Habitat

Edges of humid and elfin forest, páramo from 2000 m to snow-line at 4600 m. Forages... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering Ericaceae, Erythrina, Lobeliaceae, Melastomataceae, Puya, Rubiaceae and Salvia. Often clings... read more

Breeding

No information available.

Movements

Seasonal altitudinal movements to lower slopes in May–Jun.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Santa Marta Mountains EBA. Uncommon. Suitable habitat is severely fragmented due to deforestation, burning and over... read more

Recommended citation

Züchner, T. & Boesman, P. (2018). Black-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron dorsale). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55607 on 23 September 2018).