Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Black-bellied Seedcracker (Pyrenestes ostrinus)


Taxonomy

French: Pyréneste ponceau German: Purpurastrild Spanish: Estrilda piquigorda ventrinegra
Taxonomy:

Loxia ostrina

Vieillot

, 1805,

India and Africa = southern Gabon coast

.

In the past considered conspecific with P. sanguineus and P. minor. Several races have been proposed, on basis of differences mainly in general size and in bill size and shape, e.g. relatively small rothschildi (described from Niger Delta, in Nigeria), larger and larger-billed frommi (from Kitungulu, in SW Tanzania), and still larger and huge-billed maximus (from Faradje, in NE DRCongo); individuals of each type, however, can be found together in some geographical areas, and they interbreed (pairing behaviour independent of bill-size morph); in addition, intermediates occur, and nestlings of pairs of each size morph are identical in mouth colour and pattern. Treated as monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Ivory Coast#R, Ghana, Togo, Benin#R, Nigeria and W & S Cameroon E to Central African Republic, SW Chad, S South Sudan, Uganda and extreme W Kenya, S to N Angola, Zambia and SW Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

c. 15 cm; male in Cameroon 18·6 g (small morph), 20·9 g (large morph), 29 g (huge morph). Male has head and neck to breast and flanks crimson-red, upperparts, including... read more

Voice

Calls include low "peenk", alarm call "terr". Male has up to seven song themes... read more

Habitat

Watercourses in rainforest and closed woodland, edge of moist evergreen and riparian forest, palm... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds, especially those of sedge, sometimes soft white seeds, others hard-shelled; occasionally bits of green leaves, berries, small... read more

Breeding

Season Aug–Nov (mainly Sept–Oct) and Apr–May, during major and minor rains, in Cameroon; in DRCongo during rains, Dec... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Considered generally uncommon to locally common. Several reports from Ivory Coast, and single report (of two individuals) from Benin, but status in... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2018). Black-bellied Seedcracker (Pyrenestes ostrinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61120 on 21 September 2018).