Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines.
See E. ceramense. Subspecies appear to fall into two plumage types, nominate and ripleyi paler grey above in male and pale grey to whitish on belly and rump in female, N races lecroyae and elusum and SW race everetti being much darker grey above in male and slatier all over in female; birds appear to be relatively silent and vocalizations little known; study needed. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!