Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Black-billed Mountain-toucan (Andigena nigrirostris)


French: Toucan à bec noir German: Schwarzschnabeltukan Spanish: Tucán piquinegro

Pteroglossus nigrirostris


, 1839,

no locality = Subia, near La Mesa, Cundinamarca, Colombia


Rather distinct from other Andigena species. Races intergrade where they meet. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. n. nigrirostris (Waterhouse, 1839) – Andes of W Venezuela and E Andean slopes in Colombia.
  • A. n. spilorhynchus Gould, 1858 – C Andes and W slope of E Andes in S Colombia, and E slope in Ecuador; collected in extreme N Peru (Cerro Chinguela, in NE Piura).
  • A. n. occidentalis Chapman, 1915 – W Andes of Colombia.
  • Descriptive notes

    48–51 cm; 335–367 g, 450 g (1 subadult). Black-capped mountain-toucan with bronzy upperparts, pale yellow rump, dark slate tail with chestnut tips of central 2... read more


    Commonly rattling or bill-clacking sounds, rattles varying in length, at c. 25 per minute; also... read more


    Moist to wet cloudforest, subtropical to temperate montane forest, thickets, bogs, cultivated areas... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little known. Diet mainly fruits and their seeds, but also some insects, e.g. beetles; 1 stomach with beetles and no fruit remains. Feeds... read more


    Aug–Nov in W Venezuela, Mar–Aug in Colombia and probably similar or later in Ecuador. Details all but unknown, and nest and... read more


    None, so far as is known.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Until recently, species was considered Near-threatened; not now listed as such, but probably still hovers around borderline. Local in much of range.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L. (2020). Black-billed Mountain-toucan (Andigena nigrirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 March 2020).