Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Black-billed Scythebill (Campylorhamphus falcularius)


French: Grimpar à bec en faux German: Dunkelkappen-Sensenschnabel Spanish: Picoguadaña piquinegro

Dendrocopus Falcularius


, 1822,

Serra dos Órgãos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Recent molecular analysis#R indicates that this species is sister to C. pusillus and the C. trochilirostrisC. procurvoides pair. Occasionally treated as conspecific with C. trochilirostris. Monotypic.


SE Brazil from C Bahia (Chapada Diamantina) S to N Rio Grande do Sul, also adjacent E Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Itapúa) and NE Argentina (Misiones, NE Corrientes).

Descriptive notes

24–28 cm, 37–42 g. Slim, medium-sized woodcreeper with exceptionally long, very slim, strongly decurved bill (curvature individually variable). Adult has face... read more


Song 3·5–4·5 seconds long, a series of 8–15 somewhat raspy or slurred notes that... read more


Semi-deciduous and humid Atlantic Forest in mountains, less frequently lowlands, but also follows... read more

Food and feeding

Dietary details not known; believed to be insectivorous. Arthropods found in only stomach examined. Generally encountered alone, sometimes... read more


Nest with young ready to fly in late Sept in Paraguay (Alto Paraná); nest with eggs in late Nov and birds in non-breeding condition in Apr... read more


Apparently resident throughout range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally rare to locally uncommon in most of range, but fairly common at a few montane sites in SE Brazil; rare in Paraguay. Occurs in Itatiaia and... read more

Recommended citation

Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R. & Patten, M.A. (2020). Black-billed Scythebill (Campylorhamphus falcularius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).