French: Gaucho à bec noir German: Schwarzschnabel-Hakentyrann Spanish: Gaucho serrano
d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye
Subspecies and Distribution
A. m. solitarius
P. L. Sclater, 1859 – Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) and Ecuador.
A. m. insolens
P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869 – temperate zone of Andes of Peru.
A. m. intermedius
Hellmayr, 1927 – Andes of W Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro) and extreme N Chile (NE Tarapacá).
A. m. montanus
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Andes of C & S Bolivia and NW Argentina (Jujuy S to Tucumán and La Rioja).
A. m. maritimus
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Andes of C & S Chile (Tarapacá to Magallanes) and WC & SW Argentina (W Mendoza to W Santa Cruz); also C Argentina in hills of Córdoba, S Buenos Aires and Somuncará Plateau.
23–24 cm. Nominate race has indistinct whitish supraloral stripe, narrow and broken buffish-white supercilium; cheek white, streaked dark brown; mainly dark greyish-... read more
Sometimes fairly vocal, especially at dawn, though often silent: call a loud, whistled “wheee,... read more
Mainly high open places in Andes. Wide-ranging in open grassy and agricultural areas with scattered... read more
Food and feeding
Large insects, small mammals, lizards, frogs, eggs or nestlings of other birds, and seeds. Perches conspicuously on rocky outcrops or... read more
Nests found in Dec–Jan in Argentina; eggs in Nov in N & C Chile; nestlings in Oct in S Peru (Arequipa); juveniles in Dec–... read more
Mainly resident, but populations of far S move N for winter.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common; most numerous and widespread member of genus in Andes. Occurs in e.g. Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary and Huascarán and... read more
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