Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black-billed Streamertail (Trochilus scitulus)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à bec noir German: Schwarzschnabel-Jamaikasylphe Spanish: Colibrí portacintas piquinegro
Taxonomy:

Aithurus scitulus

Brewster and Bangs

, 1901,

Priestman’s River, Portland Parish, Jamaica

.

Closely related to T. polytmus, with which formerly considered conspecific, but differs in display and voice; occasional hybridization in W John Crow Mts. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Extreme E Jamaica.

Descriptive notes

Male 22–35 cm (including bill 2·2 cm, tail 16–24 cm), 5·3 g; female 10·5 cm, 4·3 g. Male very similar to that of T. polytmus... read more

Voice

Song a long series of loud chipping notes, “tsink...tsink...tsink..”, at rate of c. 1·5 notes/... read more

Habitat

Wet E Jamaica from sea-level (Port Antonio) to elfin forest (John Crow Mts). Most abundant in semi-... read more

Food and feeding

Habits very similar to those of T. polytmus.

Breeding

Nests all year round, chiefly Feb–Jun. Cup-shaped nest of fine rootlets and fibres is more loosely built than that of T. polytmus... read more

Movements

Insufficiently known, densities increase in Aug at higher altitudes around 800–1000 m.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Common resident, but less numerous than T. polytmus. Particulary common around... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2019). Black-billed Streamertail (Trochilus scitulus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55434 on 21 May 2019).