Family Herons (Ardeidae)

Least Concern

Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis)


Taxonomy

French: Blongios à cou jaune German: Schwarzdommel Spanish: Avetorillo negro
Taxonomy:

Ardea flavicollis

Latham

, 1790,

India

.

Often separated in monospecific genus Dupetor. Birds of Moluccas sometimes separated as race gouldi. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • I. f. flavicollis (Latham, 1790) – Pakistan E to SE China, S to Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi and satellite islands.
  • I. f. australis (Lesson, 1831) – Moluccas, Timor, Aru Is, lowland New Guinea, and Bismarck Archipelago S to W, N & E Australia.
  • I. f. woodfordi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1888) – Solomon Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    54–66 cm; 208–420 g; wingspan 73·5–80 cm. Distinguished from congenerics by overall very dark upperparts and contrasting yellow neck, as well as... read more

    Voice

    Song comprises a low, booming, drum-like, slightly descending and drawn-out “whoo-o-o-o-o”, given... read more

    Habitat

    Typically along densely forested freshwater streams and pools or other permanent wetlands. In... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fish (e.g. Perca, Amniataba, Gobiomorphus) up to 15 cm long, frogs, lizards, molluscs, crustaceans (crabs,... read more

    Breeding

    Season related to monsoons in N of range: in India and Pakistan mainly Jun–Sept during SW monsoon, but varies locally with amounts of... read more

    Movements

    In Indian Subcontinent, local movements depending on water conditions in S, and in N species is... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Probably much overlooked, due to secretive habits. In Australia, may still be fairly common, but has declined considerably,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Martínez-Vilalta, A., Motis, A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52727 on 22 September 2019).