Family Gnateaters (Conopophagidae)

Least Concern

Black-breasted Gnateater (Conopophaga snethlageae)


French: Conophage de Snethlage German: Schwarzbrust-Mückenfresser Spanish: Jejenero de Snethlage

Conopophaga snethlageae


, 1912,

Tucumare, Rio Jamauchim, Brazil


Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. aurita, but differs in its black (but with narrow fading chestnut lower edges) vs chestnut breast (3); bill apparently smaller, but sampling incomplete (ns); trilled song much slower, almost half the speed (3), and with longer notes (2) and no initial rising notes#R. Race pallida may be invalid, merely representing extreme of a cline. Some potentially confusing variation with race australis of C. aurita (which see). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. s. snethlageae Berlepsch, 1912 – Brazil S of R Amazon, from both banks of lower R Tapajós and E bank of R Teles Pires E to C Pará; not known to occur in area W towards R Madeira.
  • C. s. pallida E. Snethlage, 1914 – C Pará E to W bank of R Tocantins.
  • Descriptive notes

    10·5–13 cm; 20–26 g. Morphologically similar to closely related and previously conspecific C. aurita, adult male sharing brown crown and upperparts, black face and... read more


    Compared to formerly conspecific C. aurita, both nominate and perhaps doubtfully distinct... read more


    Humid lowland forest, especially in well-drained, tall terra firme forest with fairly... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly studied, but no evidence that diet and foraging behaviour differ from those of C. aurita. Stomach contents of one... read more


    Nothing known.


    Sedentary, or small-scale shifts of territory within a somewhat larger home range.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common from lower R Tapajós E to C Pará, where present in Tapajós National Park, Tapajós National Forest (where it is one of... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black-breasted Gnateater (Conopophaga snethlageae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 April 2019).