Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black-breasted Hillstar (Oreotrochilus melanogaster)


French: Colibri à plastron noir German: Schwarzbrust-Andenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí pechinegro

Oreotrochilus melanogaster


, 1847,

no locality = Maraynioc, Junín, Peru


In the past, there was debate as to whether this was merely a melanistic representative of the O. estella group rather than an independent species. Monotypic.


C Peru in Junín and Huancavelica and locally into adjacent mountains of Ancash, Lima, Pasco and Ayacucho.

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; c. 8·4 g. Bill slightly decurved, black. Male darker and more bronzed above than O. estella; gorget shining emerald-green, rest of underparts... read more


Poorly known. A fast squeaky twittering with rising and falling sequences during chases.


Puna slopes, usually with a high density of Chuquiragua spinosa bushes and low... read more

Food and feeding

In Junín feeds most of the year mainly from the flowers of Chuquiragua spinosa shrubs, but in the puna of... read more


Feb–Mar. Nests in sheltered places on rocks and under edge of farmhouse roofs. Large cup-shaped nest glued to the substrate. Clutch... read more


Although the species stays all year on the Junín Altiplano, it has been suggested that it... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Junín Puna EBA. Generally fairly common, and abundant in hills around L Junín, inside... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Boesman, P. (2020). Black-breasted Hillstar (Oreotrochilus melanogaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).