Porto do Rio Paraná (probably = União), São Paulo, Brazil.
Until recently treated as conspecific with H. sellowi and H. pileatus (which see). No races described, although plumage and vocal variations exist across its extensive range; further research required. Monotypic.
SC & E Brazil (Maranhão and Rio Grande do Norte S to Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, extreme W Paraná and São Paulo), SE Bolivia (from Santa Cruz S along base of Andes), extreme NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta) and N & E Paraguay (E of R Paraguay).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!