French: Mésange à tête noire German: Schwarzkopfmeise Spanish: Carbonero cabecinegro
Quebec City, Canada
Subspecies and Distribution
P. a. turneri
(Ridgway, 1884) – NW USA (WC & S Alaska) and NW Canada (extreme NW British Columbia).
P. a. occidentalis
(S. F. Baird, 1858) – coastal SW Canada and W USA (S to NW California).
P. a. fortuitus
(Dawson#R, 1909) – inland SW Canada and NW USA (S to NW Idaho).
P. a. septentrionalis
(E. Harris, 1846) – W & C Canada S to C USA.
P. a. bartletti
(Aldrich & Nutt, 1939) – Newfoundland and Miquelon I.
P. a. atricapillus
(Linnaeus, 1766) – E Canada S to C USA.
P. a. nevadensis
(Linsdale, 1938) – SW USA.
P. a. garrinus
(Behle, 1951) – WC USA.
P. a. practicus
(Oberholser, 1937) – E USA (Appalachian Mts).
13–14·5 cm; 9·2–14 g. Medium-sized to large, black-capped and grey-backed chickadee. Nominate race has forehead to crown (including eye area) and... read more
Most frequent call “chick-a-dee-dee-dee”, similar to that of P. carolinensis... read more
Open deciduous and mixed forests and woods. Favours birch (Betula) and alder (Alnus... read more
Food and feeding
Food mostly small insects and larvae (principally caterpillars), also spiders (Araneae), small snails and slugs (Gastropoda), centipedes (... read more
Season late Mar to early Jul; generally one brood. Monogamous, lifelong pair-bond; pair formation takes place throughout year, but... read more
Largely resident, but descends from higher altitudes short distances to lower levels; also eruptive... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally uncommon; generally widespread. Uncommon in NW (Alaska) and SW (Nevada and California). Population level fluctuates periodically,... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!