Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Least Concern

Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata)


Taxonomy

French: Martin-chasseur à coiffe noire German: Kappenliest Spanish: Alción capirotado
Taxonomy:

Alcedo pileata

Boddaert

, 1783,

China

.

Closely related to H. leucocephala. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Korea, E, C & S China (from Liaoning to E Gansu and S to Hainan) and N Indochina; sporadic breeding reported in India. Winters S to India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Andaman and Nicobar Is, Greater Sundas, Sulawesi and S Philippines.

Descriptive notes

28–31·5 cm; 67–91 g. Medium-sized kingfisher that is difficult to mistake for any other species over its wide range. Both sexes have black head, white... read more

Voice

Ringing cackle, “kikikikikikiki”, similar to but higher-pitched than that of H.... read more

Habitat

In temperate regions inhabits deciduous forest near water, such as wooded river­banks, and... read more

Food and feeding

In inland habitats, insects such as dragonflies and dragonfly nymphs (Odonata), water boatmen (Notonectidae), locusts and grasshoppers (... read more

Breeding

Lays from Apr in India; in Apr–May in Myanmar, in Jun in Korea, and in May–Jun in Hong-Kong. Nest at end of tunnel dug by both... read more

Movements

Migratory in N of range. Breeders present in China and Korea May–Oct; non-breeding visitors... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Has a wide distribution and uses broad range of habitats. Not well known, and no figures on population sizes; locally frequent or... read more

Recommended citation

Woodall, P.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55751 on 17 November 2019).