Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory)


French: Lori tricolore German: Frauenlori Spanish: Lori tricolor

Psittacus Lory


, 1758,

East Indies = north-western New Guinea


Forms a species-group with L. garrulus, L. domicella and L. hypoinochrous. Validity of form somu, with very restricted range, requires investigation. Proposed race major considered inseparable from nominate, and rubiensis synonymized with erythrothorax. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. l. lory (Linnaeus, 1758) – W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool) and Vogelkop Peninsula, in NW New Guinea.
  • L. l. cyanauchen (S. Müller, 1841) – Biak I, in N Geelvink Bay (NW New Guinea).
  • L. l. jobiensis (A. B. Meyer, 1874) – Yapen I and Mios Num I, in NC Geelvink Bay.
  • L. l. viridicrissalis de Beaufort, 1909 – N New Guinea from Mamberamo R to Yos Sudarso Bay (on C part of N coast).
  • L. l. salvadorii A. B. Meyer, 1891 – NE New Guinea from Aitape area to Astrolabe Bay.
  • L. l. erythrothorax Salvadori, 1877 – from W New Guinea (Bomberai Peninsula) E throughout S half of the island (except where replaced by somu), and E from Huon Peninsula, to SE lowlands.
  • L. l. somu (Diamond, 1967) – SC New Guinea, on S side of mountain ranges, between Fly R and Purari R.
  • Descriptive notes

    29–33 cm; 163–260 g. Bill orange, cere black; crown above line through eye purplish black; rest of head and throat red, shading to pink on narrow hindneck collar... read more


    Quite vocal and has extensive repertoire of piercing or shrill whistles and screeches. Different... read more


    Lowland and hill forest, freshwater swamp and dryland forest, uncommon above 1000 m and very rarely... read more

    Food and feeding

    Syzygium, Freycinetia, Schefflera and other flowers for their pollen and nectar, also fruits and small insects. read more


    May–Jul, but with nest excavation in dead tree at edge of native garden in Oct. No further information from wild. In captivity: two... read more


    Relatively sedentary, although substantial movements at dawn and dusk.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally a common though not abundant bird throughout its range, with 40 birds/km² estimated in on area of SE New Guinea.

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).