Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)


French: Colibri à gorge noire German: Schwarzkinnkolibri Spanish: Colibrí gorjinegro

Trochilus Alexandri

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,

Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico


Closely related to A. colubris; some authors consider both to be close to Calypte costae. Described form Trochilus violajugulum is probably a hybrid between present species and Calypte anna. Monotypic.


SW Canada (British Columbia) S through W USA (E to E Texas) to N Mexico (N Baja California, NE Sonora to NW Tamaulipas, S to E Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí). Winters in W & SC Mexico (S Sonora to N Guerrero and W Veracruz), with small numbers in SE USA (Gulf coast to Florida)#R.

Descriptive notes

10 cm; male 2·7–4·3 g, female 2·8–4·7 g. Small hummingbird with long, thin dark bill. Male has upperparts iridescent green; white... read more


Display-flights are accompanied by two types of sounds (one a buzz, the other a short pure tone),... read more


Breeding habitat open deciduous and mixed woodlands, chaparral, thorn forest, arid scrub and desert... read more

Food and feeding

Flowers of 40 plant species have been identified as providing nectar as part of the temperate diet, including species from the genera ... read more


Male arrives on temperate breeding territory from late Mar (S) to late May (N), 5–7 days prior to female; nesting normally lasts into... read more


Migratory, wintering from N & C Mexico S to S Mexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Veracruz), with small... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. There are US National Breeding Bird Survey data for this species only for a few western regions, in which no short-term or long-term... read more

Recommended citation

Rappole, J.H. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 January 2020).