Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Black-collared Starling (Gracupica nigricollis)


French: Étourneau à cou noir German: Schwarzhalsstar Spanish: Estornino cuellinegro

Gracula nigricollis


, 1807,

Canton (Guangzhou), Guangdong, China




Myanmar (except W & SW) and S & SE China (S from Yunnan and N Fujian) S to N peninsular Thailand and S Indochina. Introduced in Taiwan, Peninsular Malaysia#R and Singapore#R.

Descriptive notes

27–30·5 cm; 122–178 g. Large starling with mostly pied plumage; feathers of forehead and crown hackled. Has forehead, crown, chin and throat white,... read more


Calls include shrill rattles and melodious notes and harsh whistles; disyllabic "tiu tiu... read more


Open areas, including grassland, rice stubble, cultivated fields, lawns and settlements; also dry,... read more

Food and feeding

Earthworms (Oligochaeta), grasshoppers and crickets (Orthoptera); seeds also recorded as eaten. Forages primarily on the ground, including... read more


Season Mar–Jul in China, and Feb–Aug in Myanmar and SE Asia; multi-brooded. Presumed monogamous. Often in colonies, within... read more


Presumed resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common throughout most of range. Introduced population in Taiwan reported as numbering more than 700 individuals in 1999. Deforestation may allow... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Black-collared Starling (Gracupica nigricollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).