Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Black-collared Swallow (Pygochelidon melanoleuca)


French: Hirondelle des torrents German: Halsbandschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina acollarada

Hirundo melanoleuca


, 1820,

Rio Grande do Belmonte, Bahia, Brazil


Previously placed in Atticora, but DNA data#R indicate it is sister to P. cyanoleuca. Monotypic.


Extreme E Colombia (E Vichada, Guainía, E Vaupés), SW, C & SE Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas, and locally in Amazonian & S Brazil (mainly upper R Negro area, also Amapá and, S of Amazon, along drainages of rivers Madeira, Tapajós, Xingu and Tocantins, also isolated records from SE Bahia, C & N Minas Gerais#R and from upper R Paraná in S Goiás) and adjacent NE Bolivia (R Madre de Dios); also on Brazil–Argentina border (Iguaçu Falls), NE Argentina (Misiones) and adjacent Paraguay.

Descriptive notes

14 cm; 10–12 g. Combination of plumage pattern and deeply forked tail distinctive. Has glossy blue-black crown and upperparts, blackish wings and tail; white ­below... read more


A buzzy “jit” has been recorded.


Rivers, especially near waterfalls and rapids; to c. 300 m.

Food and feeding

Diet includes flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera), ants and parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera), and homopteran bugs. Forages alone or in small... read more


Poorly known. Recorded Feb–Mar in Venezuela (Orinoco region) and Feb in Surinam. Solitary or in loose groups. Nest of dry grass,... read more


Probably mainly resident. Some irregular movement; at site in NW Amazonas (Venezuela), common in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally uncommon or fairly common. Most common along black-water rivers of Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil (upper R Negro); very... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). Black-collared Swallow (Pygochelidon melanoleuca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).