French: Oriole monacal German: Gelbschultertrupial Spanish: Turpial cabecinegro
Subspecies and Distribution
I. p. prosthemelas
(Strickland, 1850) – SE Mexico (from Veracruz E to Yucatán and Quintana Roo) and Caribbean lowlands from Belize, N Guatemala and N Honduras S to C Costa Rica.
I. p. praecox
A. R. Phillips & Dickerman, 1965 – SE Costa Rica (Limón) and W Panama (Bocas del Toro to Coclé).
18·5–21 cm; male average 32·5 g, female average 27·5 g. Male nominate race has head to breast and back black, rump and uppertail-coverts yellow; upperwing black, lesser and... read more
Song a rich warbling series of scratchy notes, rather quiet. Calls include a fast chatter, a... read more
Occupies humid forest edges, riparian forest, old second-growth forest, banana plantations, and... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, fruits and nectar. Feeds on fruits of Cecropia, Ehretia tinifolia and Talisia... read more
Season Mar–Jul in Costa Rica. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder; in Yucatán Peninsula, single pairs may nest in or near... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to locally common in N of range; fairly abundant in Costa Rica; rarer in Panama. In Costa Rica, and possibly elsewhere, able to thrive... read more
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