Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Black Crake (Zapornia flavirostra)


Taxonomy

French: Marouette à bec jaune German: Schwarzkielralle Spanish: Polluela negra africana
Taxonomy:

Gallinula flavirostra

Swainson

, 1837,

Senegal

.

Sometimes included in Porzana or Amaurornis, or placed in monospecific Limnocorax. Thought to be closely related to Z. olivieri. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Sub-Saharan Africa from N edge of Sahel zone S (except in desert regions of NE & SW) to Cape. Extralimital breeding record in N Niger (L Arrigui)#R.

Descriptive notes

19–23 cm; male 78–118 (96·5) g, female 70–110 (81) g; 159 both sexes 69–118 (89·5) g; weight varies greatly during year. Sexes alike.... read more

Voice

Very characteristic advertising call is a duet: one bird gives harsh repeated chatter “krrrok... read more

Habitat

Occupies many types of freshwater wetland, normal requirements including moderate vegetation cover... read more

Food and feeding

Worms, molluscs, crustaceans, adult and larval insects, small fish, frog tadpoles and small frogs; also seeds and other parts of water... read more

Breeding

In suitable conditions breeding may occur throughout year, with seasonal peaks in most regions, during or following rains: Senegal and... read more

Movements

Largely sedentary but also locally migratory. In drier N parts of range, in N Ghana, N Nigeria and... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Commonest and most widespread crake in Africa; less secretive than other terrestrial wetland rallids of region, and has well known... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. (2018). Black Crake (Zapornia flavirostra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53653 on 18 December 2018).