Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Black-crowned Monjita (Xolmis coronatus)


French: Pépoaza couronné German: Schwarzkappen-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita coronada

Tyrannus coronatus


, 1823,

Río Plata, Paraguay




C Argentina (Catamarca S to S Buenos Aires and Río Negro); migrates N to as far as C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz), W Paraguay and extreme SE Brazil (W Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

21–22 cm; 40–53 g. Has black crown bordered with broad white frontal band, supercilium and nuchal band; ear-coverts blackish; upperparts grey or brownish-grey;... read more


Song a soft, melodic “whut-whut, wheeeyr? whut”.


Open and semi-open areas with scattered bushes and low trees; mostly below 1500m.

Food and feeding

Insects. Usually perches on exposed shrub, tree or wire. Drops to ground to take prey, occasionally sallying or running. Generally wary.


Sept–Dec. Nest an open cup of small twigs and grass, lined with wool, hair and feathers, placed in tree or bush, normally beneath a... read more


Migrant. After breeding, migrates N through remainder of Argentina (except Misiones) N to S Bolivia... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. May occasionally breed farther N, to W Tucumán.

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Black-crowned Monjita (Xolmis coronatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).