Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Black-crowned Monjita (Xolmis coronatus)


Taxonomy

French: Pépoaza couronné German: Schwarzkappen-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita coronada
Taxonomy:

Tyrannus coronatus

Vieillot

, 1823,

Río Plata, Paraguay

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

C Argentina (Catamarca S to S Buenos Aires and Río Negro); migrates N to as far as C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz), W Paraguay and extreme SE Brazil (W Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

21–22 cm; 40–53 g. Has black crown bordered with broad white frontal band, supercilium and nuchal band; ear-coverts blackish; upperparts grey or brownish-grey;... read more

Voice

Song a soft, melodic “whut-whut, wheeeyr? whut”.

Habitat

Open and semi-open areas with scattered bushes and low trees; mostly below 1500m.

Food and feeding

Insects. Usually perches on exposed shrub, tree or wire. Drops to ground to take prey, occasionally sallying or running. Generally wary.

Breeding

Sept–Dec. Nest an open cup of small twigs and grass, lined with wool, hair and feathers, placed in tree or bush, normally beneath a... read more

Movements

Migrant. After breeding, migrates N through remainder of Argentina (except Misiones) N to S Bolivia... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. May occasionally breed farther N, to W Tucumán.

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2018). Black-crowned Monjita (Xolmis coronatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57426 on 11 December 2018).