Cape of Good Hope = Cradock, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Formerly listed as C. cafer, but that name was officially suppressed, largely because of confusion with Clamator levaillantii. Several subspecies have been described on basis of plumage coloration, but it appears impossible to assign with complete confidence birds of a particular colour to a geographical area, although rufous-breasted individuals predominate in W Africa (formerly separated as race gabonensis) and black ones predominate in S Africa; in Ethiopia both forms occur in relatively equal proportion. Moreover, some birds from S Ethiopia to Uganda, W Kenya and NW Tanzania sometimes separated as race jacksoni, but these represent intermediates or intergrades between the other plumage types; further, individuals in forested regions of C Africa (Cameroon, Gabon and DRCongo) may be virtually all white below and have been separated as mabirae#R. The species may, therefore, be better treated as polymorphic than as polytypic. Monotypic.
Liberia to Cameroon and N DRCongo E to South Sudan, S & E Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia, and S through Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, S DRCongo and Angola to N & C Namibia, Zimbabwe and E & S South Africa; also recorded in Sierra Leone (Gola Forest and Tiwai I), but mostly silent, suggesting it is probably only a non-breeding migrant#R. Migrates to equatorial W Africa, where recorded irregularly W to Senegambia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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