Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Endangered

Black-eared Miner (Manorina melanotis)


Taxonomy

French: Méliphage à oreillons noirs German: Malleeschwatzvogel Spanish: Mielero orejinegro
Taxonomy:

Myzantha melanotis

F. E. Wilson

, 1911,

Mallee, Victoria = c. 30 km north of Cowangie (Kow Plains), north-west Victoria, Australia

.

Often treated as conspecific with M. flavigula, and hybridizes extensively with it (to extent that genetic introgression threatens survival of present species); analyses of mtDNA, however, suggest that the two should be treated as separate species. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Semi-arid mallee in lower Murray–Darling Basin of NW Victoria and SE South Australia.

Descriptive notes

23–26 cm; 43·5–60 g. Plumage is largely grey above, with dull olive forehead merging into grey of crown, black facial mask (from bill narrowly over and... read more

Voice

Poorly described. Most calling in early morning and during breeding. Calls harsh and grating,... read more

Habitat

Mature intact tracts of semi-arid mallee eucalypt woodland, unburnt for at least 45 years, on a... read more

Food and feeding

Diet primarily invertebrates (mainly insects, also spiders), occasionally nectar. Forages at all levels, from canopy to ground. Searches... read more

Breeding

Not well known. Recorded in Sept–Dec, probably extending into autumn. In loose colonies, nests sometimes as little as 25 m apart;... read more

Movements

Colonies sedentary, apparently within fairly large ranges, but few hard data. Tends to stay within... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restrictedrange species: present in South-east Australia EBA. Rare and local; one of Australia’s rarest bird species. Most of remaining colonies confined to... read more

Recommended citation

Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2018). Black-eared Miner (Manorina melanotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60319 on 15 October 2018).