French: Traquet oreillard German: Mittelmeer-Steinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba rubia
Subspecies and Distribution
O. h. hispanica
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Western Black-eared Wheatear – Iberian Peninsula E to Italy and N Croatia, and NW Africa (E to NW Libya); winters in W African Sahel (E to Niger and N Nigeria).
O. h. melanoleuca
(Güldenstädt, 1775) – Eastern Black-eared Wheatear – SC & SE Europe (E from S Italy and Croatia), Asia Minor and Levant E to Caspian Sea, SW Kazakhstan and N, W & S Iran; winters in C & E Sahel and NE Africa.
13·5–15·5 cm; 12–21 g. Both sexes of both races occur as two morphs, one having a narrow dark mask with the rest of the face and throat pale, the... read more
Song of two types: one a series of short (1–3 seconds) phrases with intervals of 2–7... read more
Breeds in warm climatic zone in stony, scrubby, often broken terrain (slopes and foothills) around... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates, berries and seeds. In Europe mainly hymenopterans, coleopterans and lepidopteran larvae. In SE Spain, main food in spring... read more
Mar–Jun in NW Africa; from late Apr in Spain (most clutches laid second half May), from early May in Greece; early Apr to mid-Jul in... read more
Migratory. Moves on broad front across Mediterranean and Sahara, wintering in African Sahel, with... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Population in Europe (50% of global total) in mid-1990s estimated at 641,403–790,042 pairs (of which 513,000–620,000 in Spain), with... read more
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