Atlapetes rufinucha nigrifrons
Phelps, Sr and Gilliard, 1940,
La Sabana, 1300 m, Río Negro, Perijá district, Zulia, Venezuela.
Until recently considered conspecific with A. latinuchus, but differs in its black frons and submoustachial area (3); paler back (1); and uniquely extensive repertoire of vocalizations (at least 3)#R#R. It should be noted that, when Arremon torquatus is placed in present genus, name nigrifrons becomes preoccupied and must then be replaced by name phelpsi. Monotypic.
Sierra de Perijá, on N Colombia–W Venezuela border.
Status and conservation
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