Family New World Sparrows (Passerellidae)

Near Threatened

Black-fronted Brush-finch (Atlapetes nigrifrons)


French: Tohi à front noir German: Schwarzstirn-Buschammer Spanish: Atlapetes del Perijá

Atlapetes rufinucha nigrifrons

Phelps, Sr and Gilliard

, 1940,

La Sabana, 1300 m, Río Negro, Perijá district, Zulia, Venezuela


Until recently considered conspecific with A. latinuchus, but differs in its black frons and submoustachial area (3); paler back (1); and uniquely extensive repertoire of vocalizations (at least 3)#R#R. It should be noted that, when Arremon torquatus is placed in present genus, name nigrifrons becomes preoccupied and must then be replaced by name phelpsi. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Sierra de Perijá, on N Colombia–W Venezuela border.

Descriptive notes

17 cm. Adult has forehead black, crown to nape medium rufous to orange-rufous, superciliary area and sides of face black; upperparts dark slate-grey, upperwing and tail... read more


This species has a distinct and uniquely varied vocal repertoire, involving: (i) a slow-whistled... read more


Occupies understorey of shrubby forest edges and second growth in humid montane forest; may be... read more

Food and feeding

Diet unknown. Foraging behaviour not known to differ from formerly conspecific A. latinuchus.


Birds in breeding condition in Jan–Jun and juveniles observed in Aug. No further information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species, endemic to Sierra de Perijá and occurs in Colombian East Andes EBA. Poorly known in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Black-fronted Brush-finch (Atlapetes nigrifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).