Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)


Black-fronted Piping-guan (Pipile jacutinga)


French: Pénélope à front noir German: Schwarzmaskenguan Spanish: Pava yacutinga

Penelope jacutinga


, 1825,

between Bahia and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


The most distinctive Pipile. In past, range met that of P. grayi in E Paraguay, with no evidence of interbreeding; however, recent loss of forest means that neither species apparently survives in the area of previous contact. Formerly considered conspecific with P. cujubi. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (formerly S Bahia S to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Paraguay. Now very localized, having disappeared from most of former range; in Brazil, isolated population may remain in E Minas Gerais, but no records N of São Paulo since 1979#R, and has also apparently disappeared from Corrientes, in Argentina#R.

Descriptive notes

63·5–74 cm; 1100–1400 g. Only member of genus with black forehead, and bare facial skin restricted to broad eyering. Sometimes flares up white crest. Chin... read more


Wing-whirring display, given at dawn and dusk, considered to be basically identical to those of... read more


Atlantic Forest formations, including evergreen, gallery and coastal forests, in lowlands and... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruits (0·4–30 mm in diameter), especially those of palmito (Euterpe edulis, Arecaceae) at least seasonally,... read more


Display from Aug in SE Brazil and Sep in Paraguay. Nest with eggs in Oct (São Paulo); chicks in Oct (Misiones), Nov (Rio Grande do... read more


Altitudinal movements of birds inhabiting coastal ranges known or reported from several localities... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES I. Populations only partly protected and now suspected to number fewer than 10,000 individuals. Formerly common or even abundant, at least seasonally; c. 50... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Black-fronted Piping-guan (Pipile jacutinga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 March 2020).