Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)


Black-fronted Wood-quail (Odontophorus atrifrons)


French: Tocro à front noir German: Schwarzstirnwachtel Spanish: Corcovado carinegro

Odontophorus atrifrons

J. A. Allen

, 1900,

Santa Marta, Colombia


Sometimes considered conspecific with O. dialeucos, O. strophium, O. columbianus and O. leucolaemus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. a. atrifrons J. A. Allen, 1900 – Santa Marta Mts, in NE Colombia.
  • O. a. navai Aveledo & Pons, 1952 – Perijá Mts, in NE Colombia and NW Venezuela.
  • O. a. variegatus Todd, 1919 – N end of E Andes in NE Colombia (Norte de Santander and Santander); possibly extinct.
  • Descriptive notes

    24–30 cm; estimated weight of male 311 g, female 298 g. Black forehead, face and throat distinctive; crown rufous-brown. Overall coloration blackish brown. Back grey... read more


    Advertising call is typical rhythmic, whistled, series of genus Odontophorus likened to... read more


    Montane tropical and subtropical forests at 1200–3100 m (as low as 700 m in Sierra Nevada de... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information available, but forages similarly to other Odontophorus, scratching in leaf-litter for berries and insects. Forages... read more


    One nest found in Santa Marta Mts in May 2008 contained three eggs; nest was on a steep slope at the border of dense undergrowth of primary... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Restricted range; very little information available. Uncommon throughout its disjunct range. Total population of all three subspecies might number just 1500... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Black-fronted Wood-quail (Odontophorus atrifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).