French: Bruant mélanocéphale German: Kappenammer Spanish: Escribano cabecinegro
SE Europe from Italy and Balkans E to Black Sea coast, from E Ukraine (E of R Dnieper) and SW Russia E to NW Caspian region and S to N Caucasus region (absent from Greater Caucasus) and, in S, from Aegean islands and Turkey E to E Georgia, Azerbaijan and NE & SW Iran (in S locally E to Baluchistan and possibly adjacent Pakistan#R) and S to Israel, W Jordan and N Iraq. Winters in W India.
15·5–17·5 cm; 23–33 g. Fairly large bunting with rather long bill, lacking white in outer tail. Male breeding is distinctive, with head black, side... read more
Song, normally from vantage point such as treetop, wire or rock, also in flight, usually a short... read more
Breeds in open areas with dispersed trees, shrubs and hedges, from sea-level locally to c. 2000 m,... read more
Food and feeding
During breeding season mostly invertebrates, also seeds and other plant material. Recorded invertebrates in diet include larval mayflies (... read more
Season starts mid-May and at peak during Jun; normally single-brooded, possibly sometimes two broods. Male performs song flight, flying on... read more
Migratory; winters in W India, mainly in plains in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally very common. Breeding population of Europe estimated at 2,800,000–9,300,000 pairs. Densities can be locally... read more
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