French: Cardinal à tête noire German: Schwarzkopf-Kernknacker Spanish: Picogrueso cabecinegro
Tableland, Temascaltepec, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
P. m. maculatus
(Audubon, 1837) – Pacific coast from SW Canada (SW British Columbia S from c. 53° N, also S Vancouver I) S in W USA to California and to extreme NW Mexico (to c. 30° N in Baja California); winters S Baja California and mainland Mexico.
P. m. melanocephalus
(Swainson, 1827) – SW Canada (SE British Columbia, S Alberta and SW Saskatchewan) and WC USA (W North Dakota, S through Rocky Mts and W Great Plains) S through Mexican highlands to Oaxaca; winters within Mexican breeding range.
18–20·5 cm; 35–49 g. Male nominate race has head, chin and ear-coverts black, narrow orange-brown band on hindneck sometimes extending onto head as... read more
Male song, from perch and in flight, a pleasant series of ascending and descending warbled... read more
Various types of generally semi-open woodland, including coniferous, deciduous and mixed forest, e.... read more
Food and feeding
Diet animal and vegetable matter; stomach contents during breeding 66% animal, 34% vegetable. Recorded items include beetles (Coleoptera),... read more
Egg-laying begins late Apr to late Jun in USA, earlier dates referring to S parts of range and lower altitudes; no data on resident Mexican... read more
Migratory in most of range; resident in highlands of C Mexico, from Zacatecas S to Oaxaca, where... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common or abundant over much of breeding range in North America; common to fairly common in Mexico. In N part of range may benefit... read more
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