Family Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Least Concern

Black-headed Penduline-tit (Remiz macronyx)


Taxonomy

French: Rémiz à tête noire German: Schwarzkopf-Beutelmeise Spanish: Pájaro moscón cabecinegro
Taxonomy:

Aegithalus [sic] macronyx

Severtsov

, 1873,

Shymkent (Chimkent), Syr Darya, south Kazakhstan

.

See R. pendulinus. Race ssaposhnikowi believed probably to have originated as hybrid between nominate race of present species and race jaxarticus of R. pendulinus, although neither parent found within current range of ssaposhnikowi; this race is very variable, some being dark-hooded like nominate, others having chestnut crown and nape like R. pendulinus caspius, and some are intermediate; consequently, perhaps best not recognized#R. Race neglectus sometimes synonymized with nominate. Race nigricans may be extinct#R. Birds from Aral Sea region described as race aralensis, but considered inseparable from nominate. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • R. m. neglectus (Zarudny, 1908) – N Iran and SW Turkmenistan.
  • R. m. macronyx (Severtsov, 1873) – SW Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, N & SE Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and probably NE Afghanistan.
  • R. m. ssaposhnikowi (H. E. Johansen, 1907) – SE Kazakhstan (L Balkhash, L Sasykkol, L Alakol and L Zaysan#R).
  • R. m. nigricans (Zarudny, 1908) – SE Iran (Sistan) and SW Afghanistan.
  • Descriptive notes

    10–11 cm; c. 9·3–10·5 g. A small, dark-hooded, buffy penduline-tit; strong legs with large hind claw. Male nominate race has entire head to throat and upper... read more

    Voice

    Poorly documented; calls said to have louder and coarser tone than those of R. pendulinus... read more

    Habitat

    Low-lying lakesides and riverbanks with stands of reeds (Phragmites) and reedmace (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small invertebrates, chiefly larvae of small insects, also adult stages and their eggs, also small spiders (Araneae); seeds of aquatic... read more

    Breeding

    Breeds from late May to mid-Jun, following spring rains, and many recently fledged juveniles by mid-Jul. No information on mating system,... read more

    Movements

    Primarily resident. Some remain all year as far N as S Kazakhstan; likely, however, that at least... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not assessed. Common to fairly common in most of range; rare, possibly extinct, in SE Iran. Common along S shores of Caspian Sea in N Iran and in adjacent S Turkmenistan; has... read more

    Recommended citation

    Madge, S. (2019). Black-headed Penduline-tit (Remiz macronyx). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59956 on 19 February 2019).