French: Loriot à capuchon noir German: Bengalenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola encapuchada
“America”; error = “Bengal”, north-east India
Subspecies and Distribution
O. x. xanthornus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – N India (Himalayan foothills) and S Nepal E to Myanmar and S China (S Yunnan), S to N & S Thailand, N Peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi I) and Indochina (except N Vietnam); in winter S Malay Peninsula and N Sumatra.
O. x. maderaspatanus
Franklin, 1831 – Gangetic Plain and peninsular India.
O. x. ceylonensis
Bonaparte, 1850 – Sri Lanka.
O. x. reubeni
Abdulali, 1977 – Andaman Is.
O. x. tanakae
Nagamichi Kuroda, 1925 – NE Borneo (SE Sabah and adjoining Kalimantan) and adjacent islands.
23–25 cm; 46–79 g. Male nominate race has head, neck and upper chest glossy black, rest of body and upperwing-coverts bright golden-yellow; rest of wing black,... read more
Song of liquid fluty whistles, very varied and differing among races, “tu-u-u-liu”,... read more
Dry dipterocarp forest and mixed deciduous moist woodlands, open semi-evergreen and evergreen... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly berries and fruits, especially figs (Ficus), notably peepal (Ficus religiosa); also some nectar, e.g. of ... read more
Breeding throughout year, with local variations; two or more broods per season. Possible courtship displays include frequent aerial chases... read more
Generally resident, but some local movements reported in India and Nepal, e.g. upward migration in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in parts of its range, which covers c.1,000,000–10,000,000 km². Occurs in various protected areas through most of range, and... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!