Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)


French: Loriot à capuchon noir German: Bengalenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola encapuchada

Coracias Xanthornus


, 1758,

“America”; error = “Bengal”, north-east India


Nomenclature of races in Indian Subcontinent somewhat tentative because of uncertainty over precise location of type locality. Race reubeni formerly listed as andamanensis, but latter name preoccupied; perhaps better merged with ceylonensis. Proposed race thaiacous (Koh-Lak, in SW Thailand) included in nominate. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. x. xanthornus (Linnaeus, 1758) – N India (Himalayan foothills) and S Nepal E to Myanmar and S China (S Yunnan), S to N & S Thailand, N Peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi I) and Indochina (except N Vietnam); in winter S Malay Peninsula and N Sumatra.
  • O. x. maderaspatanus Franklin, 1831 – Gangetic Plain and peninsular India.
  • O. x. ceylonensis Bonaparte, 1850 – Sri Lanka.
  • O. x. reubeni Abdulali, 1977 – Andaman Is.
  • O. x. tanakae Nagamichi Kuroda, 1925 – NE Borneo (SE Sabah and adjoining Kalimantan) and adjacent islands.
  • Descriptive notes

    23–25 cm; 46–79 g. Male nominate race has head, neck and upper chest glossy black, rest of body and upperwing-coverts bright golden-yellow; rest of wing black,... read more


    Song of liquid fluty whistles, very varied and differing among races, “tu-u-u-liu”,... read more


    Dry dipterocarp forest and mixed deciduous moist woodlands, open semi-evergreen and evergreen... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly berries and fruits, especially figs (Ficus), notably peepal (Ficus religiosa); also some nectar, e.g. of ... read more


    Breeding throughout year, with local variations; two or more broods per season. Possible courtship displays include frequent aerial chases... read more


    Generally resident, but some local movements reported in India and Nepal, e.g. upward migration in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common in parts of its range, which covers c.1,000,000–10,000,000 km². Occurs in various protected areas through most of range, and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Walther, B. & Jones, P. (2019). Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2019).