d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837,
“Tacora” (= Tarapacá), Chile (formerly in Peru).
Has been considered conspecific with P. gayi, but the two rarely hybridize in area of NC Chile (between Atacama and Coquimbo) where they are sympatric; molecular evidence indicates sister relationship with P. punensis#R#R. Geographical variation minimal; individuals from C Bolivia S to NW Argentina slightly longer-billed than others, but difference probably clinal, while males from NW Bolivian Altiplano (Sajama) said to be particularly black-winged. Treated as monotypic.
S Peru (highlands of Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna) S through highlands of SW Bolivia to N Chile (from highlands of E Arica–Parinacota S to Baños de Toro, in N Coquimbo) and NW Argentina (S to Catamarca).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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