French: Merle à froc noir German: Kapuzendrossel Spanish: Zorzal cabecinegro
Subspecies and Distribution
T. o. sanctaemartae
(Todd, 1913) – N Colombia (Santa Marta).
T. o. caucae
(Chapman, 1914) – SW Colombia.
T. o. olivater
(Lafresnaye, 1848) – mountains of N & W Venezuela and adjacent Colombia.
T. o. paraquensis
Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1946 – Cerro Paraque (S Venezuela).
T. o. kemptoni
Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1955 – Cerro de la Neblina (S Venezuela).
T. o. duidae
Chapman, 1929 – S Venezuela (NW Bolívar, N Amazonas).
T. o. ptaritepui
Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1946 – SE Venezuela (SE Bolívar).
T. o. roraimae
Salvin & Godman, 1884 – SE Venezuela, W Guyana and extreme N Brazil (Roraima).
23–24 cm; 70–91 g. Male nominate race has black hood, dark olive-brown upperparts, sandy-orange underparts; yellow bill, narrow eyering and legs. Female is... read more
Song, from perch in middle strata or in canopy, a series of loud, rather slow, musical phrases,... read more
Lower storey to canopy and borders of humid montane forest and secondary woodland, and in shade... read more
Food and feeding
Dietary details not recorded. Forages on ground, flipping over leaf litter; sometimes attends army-ant swarms. Forages also in fruiting... read more
Jan–Jul. Nest made of mud and moss, placed low down. Eggs 2–3, pale blue with purple and light brown spotting. No other... read more
Presumably sedentary. Possibly short-distance migrant in Venezuela, where sharp seasonal and/or... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common; numerous in tepuis of SE Venezuela, but uncommon elsewhere in this country. Race caucae of SW... read more
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