Family Hornbills (Bucerotidae)


Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus)


French: Calao charbonnier German: Malaienhornvogel Spanish: Cálao malayo
Other common names: Malay Black Hornbill

Buceros malayanus


, 1822,

Malacca, West Malaysia


Proposed race deminutus (Borneo) slightly smaller, but differences marginal and probably some overlap with other populations. Monotypic.


S Thailand (S from Trang), Peninsular Malaysia, Lingga Archipelago (Singkep), Sumatra, including Bangka I and Belitung I, and Borneo.

Descriptive notes

60–65 cm; male 1050 g. Medium-sized to largish mostly black hornbill with elongated central tail feathers, which are sometimes tipped white, outer tail with broad white... read more


A series of harsh, growling calls, “grrrraaa”, sometimes combined with a few “kek” calls.


Inhabits lowland primary evergreen forest, usually below 200 m; also found in adjacent gallery... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly larger lipid-rich fruits; fewer figs, but of at least 17 species; also some small animals, including insects, occasionally bats, and... read more


Little known. Laying aseasonal, recorded in Jan–Feb, Apr, Aug and Nov–Dec; does not always breed annually. Nest in natural... read more


Apparently sedentary and territorial; only rarely forms flocks, of up to 33 birds, often mainly... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Widespread, but only locally common, and somewhat restricted by specific habitat requirements. Occurs at... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 July 2019).