French: Calao charbonnier German: Malaienhornvogel Spanish: Cálao malayo
Other common names:
Malay Black Hornbill
Malacca, West Malaysia
S Thailand (S from Trang), Peninsular Malaysia, Lingga Archipelago (Singkep), Sumatra, including Bangka I and Belitung I, and Borneo.
60–65 cm; male 1050 g. Medium-sized to largish mostly black hornbill with elongated central tail feathers, which are sometimes tipped white, outer tail with broad white... read more
A series of harsh, growling calls, “grrrraaa”, sometimes combined with a few “kek” calls.
Inhabits lowland primary evergreen forest, usually below 200 m; also found in adjacent gallery... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly larger lipid-rich fruits; fewer figs, but of at least 17 species; also some small animals, including insects, occasionally bats, and... read more
Little known. Laying aseasonal, recorded in Jan–Feb, Apr, Aug and Nov–Dec; does not always breed annually. Nest in natural... read more
Apparently sedentary and territorial; only rarely forms flocks, of up to 33 birds, often mainly... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Widespread, but only locally common, and somewhat restricted by specific habitat requirements. Occurs at... read more
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