Genetic data indicate that present species and C. wilsoni are sisters, together forming a sister-group to C. coeligena#R. Taxonomic status of proposed form C. assimilis uncertain: could represent a valid race of present species or a variant; further study required. Described form C. purpurea (Popayán, in SC Colombia) may be hybrid of present species and C. coeligena. Monotypic.
NC Colombia on W slope of E Andes (SE Santander, W Boyacá, W Cundinamarca) and on both slopes of Serranía de los Yariguíes. Specimen supposedly from C Andes of Quindío was incorrectly labelled#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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