Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)


Black Inca (Coeligena prunellei)


French: Inca noir German: Blauschulter-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca negro

Trochilus Prunellei


, 1843,

Facativa, Colombia


Genetic data indicate that present species and C. wilsoni are sisters, together forming a sister-group to C. coeligena#R. Taxonomic status of proposed form C. assimilis uncertain: could represent a valid race of present species or a variant; further study required. Described form C. purpurea (Popayán, in SC Colombia) may be hybrid of present species and C. coeligena. Monotypic.


NC Colombia on W slope of E Andes (SE Santander, W Boyacá, W Cundinamarca) and on both slopes of Serranía de los Yariguíes. Specimen supposedly from C Andes of Quindío was incorrectly labelled#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 13·5 cm; 6·4–7 g. Male has long, straight, black bill, legs pale flesh-coloured; almost entire plumage purplish-black; throat patch small, greenish... read more


Rather silent. Calls include a strident single “tsit” or doubled “tsi-tsit”, often in longer series... read more


Humid montane forest, primarily oak forest (Quercus humboldtii, Trigonobalanus excelsa... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of mainly pendent flowers with long corollas like Aetanthus, Aphelandra, Burmeistera globosa,... read more


Probably May–Oct, based on gonadal condition. No further data available, nest undescribed.


No information available.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Colombian East Andes EBA. Rare to locally fairly common. Recent records near Virolín indicate that it is... read more

Recommended citation

Züchner, T. & Boesman, P. (2020). Black Inca (Coeligena prunellei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2020).