Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black Jacobin (Florisuga fusca)


French: Colibri demi-deuil German: Schwarzkolibri Spanish: Colibrí negro

Trochilus fuscus


, 1817,



Traditionally placed in a monospecific genus Melanotrochilus; inclusion in Florisuga based on voice, morphology, anatomy and reproductive behaviour. Monotypic.


E Brazil (mainly from Bahia S to Rio Grande do Sul) to SE Paraguay, NE Argentina and Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

12–13 cm; male 9 g, female 7 g. Sexes alike, but female averages smaller (mean wing 79 mm, tail 41 mm, versus 85 mm and 48 mm, respectively in male); juvenile plumage... read more


Song a series of high-pitched hissing notes above 10 kHz, “szee..szee....szee..szee..szee....szee... read more


Frequently found in woodlands, gardens and mixed plantations with tall trees, from sea-level to... read more

Food and feeding

Searches for nectar at native and introduced shrubs and trees, including Mabea, Hibiscus, Eugenia, ... read more


Jul–May. Nest is cup-shaped, of fine plant fibre and cobweb attached to mid-rib of strong large horizontal leaf in shrub or tree (e.g... read more


Migratory. Appears in Rolândia, Paraná, SE Brazil Mar/Apr and leaves Sept; disappears... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common resident throughout Brazilian range, and knowledge of winter range in Rio Grande do Sul much improved in recent years, where it is... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Black Jacobin (Florisuga fusca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).