Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Black-legged Parrot (Pionites xanthomerius)


French: Maïpouri de Sclater German: Westampelpapagei Spanish: Lorito rubio occidental

Caica xanthomeria

P. L. Sclater

, 1858,

upper Amazonia = Río Yavarí, Peru


Hitherto considered conspecific with P. xanthurus and P. leucogaster, but separated as a species distinct from former by its green vs yellow tail (3), black vs pinky-yellow feet (3), and unknown-width hybrid zone (at least 1); and from latter by its yellow vs green lower flanks and thighs (3), black vs pinky-yellow feet (3), and unknown-width hybrid zone (at least 1). Monotypic.


E Peru (E of R Ucayali) and Bolivia (at least formerly S to Santa Cruz) to W Brazil S of Amazon (E to R Juruá); recently also recorded in extreme SE Colombia (N of Amazon)#R.

Descriptive notes

23 cm. Like P. leucogaster, with which this species was formerly considered to be conspecific, a medium-sized, chunky, short-tailed parrot, with apricot-orange cap,... read more


No known differences between this species and P. leucogaster.


Humid tropical terra firme forest, more particularly seasonally flooded várzea... read more

Food and feeding

No information, though basic details are unlikely to differ significantly from P. leucogaster: diet also includes fruits of the... read more


Few data, though basic details of breeding biology are unlikely to differ significantly from P. leucogaster. In SE Peru, season... read more


No information.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in most of range and in parts of E Peru abundant, but suffering from habitat destruction in the E & SW, and possibly extinct in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black-legged Parrot (Pionites xanthomerius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).