Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Black-lored Tit (Machlolophus xanthogenys)


Taxonomy

French: Mésange à joues jaunes German: Kronenmeise Spanish: Carbonero carigualdo indio
Taxonomy:

Parus xanthogenys

Vigors

, 1831,

Simla–Almora district, Himalayas, India

.

In past, sometimes considered conspecific with M. spilonotus. Races aplonotus and travancoreensis have been treated as one or, alternatively, two separate species; they intergrade in Western Ghats (between Konkan and Hassan), in W of range, where intermediates described as race xanthonotus; recent split of aplonotus with travancoreensis, based almost entirely on vocal distinctiveness#R, now accepted by several world lists, but morphological differences small and extent of vocabularies as yet unclear; more work is needed to provide evidence for a dependable decision. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. x. xanthogenys (Vigors, 1831) – Himalayan Black-lored Tit – NW & C Himalayas from N India E to E Nepal, including S China (Zhangmu area in extreme S Xizang)#R. Now rare in NW Pakistan (Murree Hills)#R.
  • M. x. aplonotus (Blyth, 1847) – Indian Black-lored Tit – C India.
  • M. x. travancoreensis Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 – Western Ghats, in W peninsular India.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 12·9–19·7 g. Medium-sized, crested, black and yellow tit. Male nominate race has forehead and lores to crown and pointed crest black,... read more

    Voice

    Calls include “si-si”, “tsi-tsi-pit-tui”, “tzee-tzee-wheep-wheep-... read more

    Habitat

    Open submontane and montane subtropical forests, mostly of oak (Quercus) or pine (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food includes small invertebrates and larvae, mainly spiders (Araneae), ants (Formicidae) and cockroaches (Blattodea); also fruit,... read more

    Breeding

    Season Mar–Jun in Himalayas, in peninsular India Apr–Aug in N, Jul–Oct in S and Jun–Nov in Western Ghats; possibly... read more

    Movements

    Resident, with some short-distance altitudinal movements to lower levels in non-breeding season;... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common or locally common, but absent from large areas of apparently suitable habitat; in Nepal, rare E of Arun Valley. Recently recorded in S... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gosler, A., Clement, P. & de Juana, E. (2019). Black-lored Tit (Machlolophus xanthogenys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59904 on 19 February 2019).