Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Black-naped Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus melanospilus)


Taxonomy

French: Ptilope turgris German: Schwarzkappen-Fruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo nuquinegro
Taxonomy:

Jotreron melanospila

Salvadori

, 1875,

Menado, Sulawesi

.

A distinctive form of uncertain affinities; genetic data suggest close to Chrysoena and P. nainus#R; in past, was associated with a species-group that included P. hyogastrus, P. granulifrons, P. iozonus and P. insolitus; P. nainus was sometimes included in this group. At least eleven races have been described, based on slight differences in size and coloration, but even those listed here are doubtfully distinct#R; in addition, talautensis (Talaud Is) and loloda (Doi I) are included in xanthorrhous, pelingensis (Banggai Is) in chrysorrhous, and massoptera (Kangean Is and Matasiri), aurescentior (Kaledupa, in Tukangbesi Is) and margaretha (Kalaotoa) in melanauchen; further study needed to establish which of the described forms merit subspecific recognition. Species has sometimes erroneously been listed as P. melanocephalus. Five subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. m. bangueyensis A. B. Meyer, 1891 – SW & S Philippines (Palawan, Cagayan Sulu, Mindanao, Basilan, and Sulu Is from Jolo S to Sipangkot) and islands N of Borneo (Balambangan, Banggi).
  • P. m. xanthorrhous (Salvadori, 1875) – Talaud Is and Sangihe Is (N of Sulawesi), and Doi (N Moluccas).
  • P. m. melanospilus (Salvadori, 1875) – Sulawesi and islands off NE (Manadotua, Manterawu, Talisei, Bangka, Lembeh) and E (Togian Is).
  • P. m. chrysorrhous (Salvadori, 1875) – Banggai and Sula Is (off E Sulawesi) and Obi and Seram (C Moluccas).
  • P. m. melanauchen (Salvadori, 1875) – Matasiri (S of Borneo) and Kangean Is, Java and Bali E through Lesser Sundas to Alor, and islands S of Sulawesi (Salayar, Muna, Butung, Tukangbesi, Tanahjampea, Kalao, Kalaotoa, Madu).
  • Descriptive notes

    21–27 cm; 92–120 g. Silvery grey head with black nape and yellow throat patch; lower breast and upperparts green or greenish yellow; vent yellow, red or orange;... read more

    Voice

    Advertising call is a series of repeated double notes, sometimes introduced by a few single coos.... read more

    Habitat

    Inhabits forest, forest edge and patches of scrub or forest in open country; will visit isolated... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little information; known to take fruits and berries from branches.

    Breeding

    Nesting reported Feb–Sept and Dec on Java; Sept on Butung; May on Sumbawa. Builds a simple platform of twigs typical of the genus,... read more

    Movements

    No information, but recent records on small islands where previously unknown suggest that species... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common on larger islands of Java, Bali and Sulawesi, but also on medium-sized islands. In conjunction with apparent nomadic tendencies,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Black-naped Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus melanospilus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54354 on 25 September 2018).