French: Loriot de Chine German: Schwarznackenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola china
“China”; error = Manila, Philippines
Subspecies and Distribution
O. c. diffusus
Sharpe, 1877 – Eastern Black-naped Oriole – SE Russia (Amurland), Korea and S throughout E half of China (E from W Sichuan and Yunnan) to Hainan, also SW Myanmar, N Laos and Taiwan; non-breeding mainly India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand and S Indochina.
O. c. andamanensis
Beavan, 1867 – Andaman Is.
O. c. macrourus
Blyth, 1846 – Nicobar Is.
O. c. maculatus
Vieillot, 1817 – Sunda Black-naped Oriole – extreme S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, mainland Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung, Java and Bali.
O. c. mundus
Richmond, 1903 – Simeulue and Nias, off W Sumatra.
O. c. richmondi
Oberholser, 1912 – Siberut and Pagai Is, off W Sumatra.
O. c. sipora
Chasen & Kloss, 1926 – Sipura, off W Sumatra.
O. c. lamprochryseus
Oberholser, 1917 – Karamian and Masalembu Is, in E Java Sea.
O. c. insularis
Vorderman, 1893 – Sapudi, Raas and Kangean Is, in Bali Sea.
O. c. chinensis
Linnaeus, 1766 – Philippine Black-naped Oriole – N & W Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan and surrounding smaller islands).
O. c. yamamurae
Nagamichi Kuroda, 1927 – C & S Philippines (Tablas, Romblon, Sibuyan, Masbate, Panay, Samar, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, Basilan, Mindanao and surrounding smaller islands).
O. c. suluensis
Sharpe, 1877 – Sulu Archipelago (S from West Bolod and East Bolod), in SW Philippines.
O. c. melanisticus
A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1894 – Talaud Black-naped Oriole – Talaud Is (Karakelong, Salibabu, Kaburuang), S of Philippines.
O. c. sangirensis
A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1898 – N Sangihe Archipelago (Sangihe I, Tabukan I), N of Sulawesi.
O. c. formosus
Cabanis, 1872 – S Sangihe Archipelago (islands of Siau, Tahulandang, Ruang, Biaro) and Mayu I (E of NE Sulawesi).
O. c. celebensis
(Walden, 1872) – Sulawesi and surrounding islands (Talisei, Bangka, Lembeh, Kabaena, Muna, Butung, Tanakeke), including Togian Is.
O. c. stresemanni
Neumann, 1939 – Banggai Archipelago.
O. c. frontalis
Wallace, 1863 – Sulawesi Black-naped Oriole – Sula Archipelago.
O. c. boneratensis
A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1896 – islands in Flores Sea (Kayuadi, Tanahjampea, Kalao, Bonerate, Kalaotoa, Madu), and Tukangbesi Is (in W Banda Sea).
O. c. broderipi
Bonaparte, 1850 – Tenggara Black-naped Oriole – Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Rinca, Sumba, Flores, Paloe, Besar, Lembata, Pantar, Alor).
23–28 cm; 65–100 g. Male nominate race has head, upperparts and underparts entirely golden-yellow, apart from black on lores and in broad band through eye and... read more
Much variation, but geographical differences largely unstudied. Song a loud fluty whistle, “... read more
Open primary and secondary evergreen forest, mixed broadleaf forest and deciduous forest, dryland... read more
Food and feeding
Berries and fruits, e.g. Campnosperma auriculata, Cinnamomum iners, Eugenia papillosa, Passiflora foetida... read more
Breeds in May–Jun in N of range (SE Russia), Jun–Jul in China (May–Jul in Hongkong), Apr–Jun in Andaman Is, Dec... read more
Mainland diffusus migratory, with N populations present on breeding grounds May–Sept... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common or frequent in various parts of its range of c. 1,000,000–10,000,000 km². Status in Borneo uncertain, and the few... read more
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