Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Black-naped Pheasant-pigeon (Otidiphaps insularis)


French: Otidiphaps à cou noir German: Schwarznacken-Fasantaube Spanish: Paloma faisán cuellinegra

Otidiphaps insularis

Salvin and Godman

, 1883,

Fergusson Island


Affinities uncertain. Hitherto considered one of four distinctive subspecies grouped under the name O. nobilis, but here treated as full species (see under O. nobilis). The form insularis (Fergusson I) differs from all other taxa in Otidiphaps in possessing no backward-directed crest (2); no coloured nuchal patch (simply blackish) (3); wings markedly paler rufous than in other taxa (ns[1]); rump dull green (strong green in cervicalis, dark blue in others), uppertail-coverts and tail dark blue (strong green in cervicalis, dark blue in others) (ns[1]); underparts dull matt black, with virtual absence except slightly on breast of the glossy blue or green that is extensive on other taxa (2). Monotypic.


Fergusson I (D’Entrecasteaux Is), off SE New Guinea.

Descriptive notes

42–50 cm; 500 g. The four pheasant-pigeons Otidiphaps spp. are unique amongst pigeons in having a laterally compressed pheasant-like tail of 20–22 feathers, and long... read more


No specific information available, but presumably resembles that of other Otidiphaps... read more


Inhabits primary rainforest, foraging on forest floor.

Food and feeding

Nothing known. Presumably consumes seeds and fallen fruit, obtained on forest floor, like other Otidiphaps species.


No information available. Presumably nests on ground and lays only a single egg, as does O. nobilis.


Resident and sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Population estimated to number 600–1700 individuals based on an assessment of known records, as well as descriptions of abundance and range size (just 1300 km²).... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Black-naped Pheasant-pigeon (Otidiphaps insularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).