Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Black-necked Araçari (Pteroglossus aracari)


French: Araçari grigri German: Schwarzkehlarassari Spanish: Arasarí cuellinegro

Ramphastos Aracari


, 1758,



Genetic data indicate that present species, P. castanotis and P. pluricinctus form a monophyletic group#R#R, all of these belonging to the P. torquatus group (which see). Contrary to some views, present species probably not closely related to P. azara#R#R. Race atricollis has hybridized with P. pluricinctus in SE Venezuela (Carapo, R Paragua). SE Brazil population previously referred to as vergens, but name wiedii has priority. Other proposed races include roraimae (E Venezuela and the Guianas), synonymized with atricollis; and amazonicus (NC & EC Brazil), now lumped into nominate; poorly known form formosus is something of a mystery, having been synonymized variously with nominate or wiedii, although originally stated type locality is “Venezuela”. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. a. atricollis (Statius Müller, 1776) – E Venezuela and the Guianas, and N Brazil S to R Amazon (W to R Negro).
  • P. a. aracari (Linnaeus, 1758) – disjunct populations in NC, E & SE Brazil: S of Amazon, from R Madeira E to Maranhão and S to NE Mato Grosso and Goiás; E Pernambuco and E Alagoas; and also Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo.
  • P. a. wiedii J. H. C. F. Sturm and J. W. Sturm, 1847 – S Goiás, S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to E Paraná and E Santa Catarina.
  • Descriptive notes

    43–46 cm; 177–325 g. Male nominate race with black head, chestnut-black ear-coverts, green above with red rump; yellow below, with broad red band across lower... read more


    Common call “tsee-eet” to “sneet”, in irregular series, or regular at c. 2 per second; also used... read more


    Occurs in lowland wet forest, sand-ridge forest, secondary forest, some woodlands, cerrado... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diverse fruits of species of Ficus, Virola, other genera of Sapotaceae, various palms including Oenocarpus, and... read more


    Season Nov–Aug in most of range, but Sept–Feb in S. Breed in pairs; captive pairs coming into breeding condition kill other... read more


    Mainly resident, so far as is known.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Widespread, and still relatively common in many areas. SE race wiedii, living near heavily populated cities and farming areas,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L. & Bonan, A. (2020). Black-necked Araçari (Pteroglossus aracari). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).