French: Noddi noir German: Weißkopfnoddi Spanish: Tiñosa menuda
Other common names:
Raine Island, north-east Australia
Subspecies and Distribution
A. m. worcesteri
(McGregor, 1911) – Cavilli I and Tubbataha Reef (Sulu Sea), also Java Sea, and (perhaps this race) Ashmore Reef (off NW Australia); disperses to E Indian Ocean.
A. m. minutus
Boie, 1844 – coasts of NE Australia and E New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Is and locally through Melanesia (excluding Vanuatu) and Polynesia to Tuamotu Is.
A. m. marcusi
(Bryan, 1903) – Marcus I (Minami Tori-shima) and Wake I S through Micronesia to Caroline Is.
A. m. melanogenys
G. R. Gray, 1846 – Hawaiian Is.
A. m. diamesus
(Heller & Snodgrass, 1901) – EC Pacific at Clipperton I, Cocos I and Malpelo I.
A. m. americanus
(Mathews, 1912) – Caribbean islands.
A. m. atlanticus
(Mathews, 1912) – Atlantic islands: St Paul, Fernando de Noronha and Martim Vaz (off E Brazil), Ascension and St Helena (formerly also Inaccessible) N & E to islands in Gulf of Guinea (W Africa).
35–39 cm; 98–144 g; wingspan 66–72 cm. Very dark noddy with pale crown; iris brown, bill black, legs brown. Smaller and slimmer than A. stolidus,... read more
Distinctive, “tik-tikoree” and a staccato rattle. Nominate race in New Zealand gives rapid harsh... read more
Oceanic and offshore islands. Breeds on sea cliffs, e.g. at Ascension and Hawaii; also on trees and... read more
Food and feeding
Almost exclusively fish, particularly small Atherinidae; lesser quantities of squid, and small amounts of crustaceans. At Ascension... read more
Mostly follows an annual cycle: Mar–May in Hawaii, May in Venezuela, Jun–Jul at Ascension, Oct–Nov in Australia; but in... read more
Poorly known. A permanent resident around some islands (e.g. Hawaii, Ascension). Partial dispersal... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Global population ot known precisely but is clearly well in excess of 500,000 pairs; the nominate race alone is estimated at 1,000,... read more
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