Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Black Oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus)


French: Cassique noir German: Anthrazitstirnvogel Spanish: Cacique negro

Ostinops guatimozinus


, 1853,

Garrapata, Río Magdalena, Antioquia, Colombia


Sometimes placed in genus Gymnostinops. In the past, has been considered conspecific with both P. montezuma and P. cassini. Monotypic.


E Panama (Panamá Province and Darién) and NW Colombia (Chocó, Antioquia and Caldas).

Descriptive notes

Male c. 47 cm, female c. 39 cm. Has bare facial skin pale blue, pink wattle at base of bill; otherwise mostly black, becoming dark chestnut on scapulars, upper­wing-... read more


Male in display has loud song with low-pitched gurgles and high-pitched metallic notes; resembles... read more


Humid forest and forest edge, also nearby plantations; to 800 m.

Food and feeding

Few details available on diet; presumably feeds on insects and other arthropods, small vertebrates, fruit, and nectar of large flowers.... read more


Season Feb in Panama and Apr–Jun in Colombia. Probably polygynous. Nests in colonies of up to at least 20 nests. Male gives deep bows while... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Darién Lowlands EBA and Nechí Lowlands EBA. Uncommon to locally common. Range sufficiently extensive, and... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Black Oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).