French: Râle noir German: Schieferralle Spanish: Polluela negruzca
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
L. j. coturniculus
(Ridgway, 1874) – W USA and extreme NW Mexico (California, Baja California and SW Arizona).
L. j. jamaicensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – C & E USA and E Central America; winters from S USA to Mexico and Greater Antilles.
L. j. murivagans
(Riley, 1916) – coastal C Peru (Lima).
L. j. salinasi
(R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede], 1857) – coastal SW Peru, C Chile and extreme W Argentina.
12–15 cm; jamaicensis male 29–43 (35)g, female 29–44 (36)g; coturniculus male 21–34 (28)g, female 23–46 (30)g; wingspan 22... read more
Male gives “kic-kic-kerr” call ending in a downward slur; female gives low “croo-... read more
Marshes, both fresh and saline, and wet meadows and savanna. In North America occupies sites with... read more
Food and feeding
Takes mainly small (under 1cm) aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates, including snails, Amphipoda, Isopoda, spiders, ants, aphids,... read more
USA, May–Aug; Panama, Jul; Peru, end of dry season through rainy season; Chile, Nov–Dec. Monogamous; territorial when breeding... read more
E USA populations winter in coastal E USA (S through Florida and rarely N to New Jersey) and also S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. All races are locally distributed, often rare or infrequently recorded. Both races occurring in USA regarded as... read more
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