French: Rougequeue noir German: Hausrotschwanz Spanish: Colirrojo tizón
S. G. Gmelin
mountains of northern Gilan, Iran
Subspecies and Distribution
P. o. gibraltariensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Western Black Redstart – Europe (N to S Scandinavia, E to E Ukraine and W Turkey) and NW Africa; non-breeding S Europe and N Africa E to E Sudan, locally S to Sahel.
P. o. ochruros
(S. G. Gmelin, 1774) – Eastern Black Redstart – Asia Minor (E from C Turkey), extreme SW Russia, Caucasus and NW Iran; non-breeding Middle East.
P. o. semirufus
(Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) – SE Turkey, W Syria, Lebanon and NE Israel, possibly N Iraq; non-breeding E of breeding range to Iraq, Iran and Oman.
P. o. phoenicuroides
(F. Moore, 1854) – S Russia (Tuva Republic) and W & C Mongolia S to NE Iran (E Elburz Mts), SW Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag), Tien Shan, E, SE & S Kazakhstan, N Pakistan and NW India; non-breeding NE Africa, Arabian Peninsula and SW & S Asia.
P. o. rufiventris
(Vieillot, 1818) – Pamir-Alai Mts of S Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan E through Himalayas to C China; non-breeding SW & S Asia.
14–15 cm; 12–20 g. Male nominate race has slaty-grey crown to back, shading darker on wings, slaty-black face and underparts, with orange-rufous lower belly, rump... read more
Song, by male (mainly spring, rarely in autumn and winter), a repeated phrase consisting of short... read more
Sparsely vegetated rocky areas, including stony slopes with xerophytic vegetation, crags and... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates and berries, switching proportions considerably. Invertebrates in diet include grasshoppers, earwigs, bugs, cockroaches,... read more
Mid-Apr to mid-Jul in W Europe, up to 2 weeks later in E Europe; late Apr to Jun in Morocco; Apr–Jul in Israel; May–Aug in... read more
Resident, partial migrant, vertical migrant and full migrant in different parts of range. Breeding... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. European population in mid-1990s estimated at 3,647,070–6,161,507 pairs (by far the greatest numbers in Germany), with additional 50,000–... read more
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